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Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought$
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Richard Seaford

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474410991

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474410991.001.0001

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Harmonia and ṛtá

Harmonia and ṛtá

(p.40) 3 Harmonia and ṛtá
Universe and Inner Self in Early Indian and Early Greek Thought

Aditi Chaturvedi

Edinburgh University Press

Greek harmonia and Sanskrit rta, both meaning cosmological principles of order, both derive from an Indo-European root meaning to fit or arrange. The similarity of harmonia and rta is explored in various texts: the Rgveda and the fragments of Philolaus, Empedocles, and Heraclitus. Each term refers to a cosmological principle that involves a harmonic regulation of opposites and that has moral applications. At the most abstract level, harmonia and rta each involve the dynamic fitting together of disjointed entities in both the macrocosm (nature) and the self (microcosm).

Keywords:   Harmony, Order, Opposites, Rgveda, Philolaus, Empedocles, Heraclitus, Cosmology

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