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Islam and ColonialismBecoming Modern in Indonesia and Malaya$
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Muhamad Ali

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474409209

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474409209.001.0001

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Integrating Shari’ah, Adat and European Laws

Integrating Shari’ah, Adat and European Laws

(p.165) V Integrating Shari’ah, Adat and European Laws
Islam and Colonialism

Muhamad Ali

Edinburgh University Press

It focuses on Muslim articulation of evolving ideas about shari’ah in terms of law and its relation to adat and European laws. Muslim reformers sought to spread legal interpretations by addressing and accommodating aspects of Islamic, customary, and colonial laws. Some Muslim reformers emphasised the values of Islamic law such as justice and equality whereas other Muslims emphasised the ritual aspects of Islamic law. The Indonesians became critical of the Dutch regulations that they saw discriminatory but left other regulations that ensured religious freedom. The Malays did not reject the British secular legal system as long as they were permitted to preserve or implement aspects of Islamic law and customary law.

Keywords:   Shari’ah (Islamic law), Fatwa (Religious Advise), Adat, Dutch Colonial Law, British Colonial Law, Malay Adat, Pangngaderreng (Bugis-Makassarese Customary Law)

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