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ContactThe Interaction of Closely Related Linguistic Varieties and the History of English$
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Robert McColl Millar

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474409087

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474409087.001.0001

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New dialect formation and near-dialect contact

New dialect formation and near-dialect contact

(p.16) 2 New dialect formation and near-dialect contact

Robert McColl Millar

Edinburgh University Press

Linguists have often wondered how ‘new’ varieties of a language come into being. This chapter provides a theoretical discussion of recent research on these developments, paying particular attention to determinism, the founder principle and swamping. Varieties discussed include New Zealand, Newfoundland, Falkland Islands and Australian English, Glaswegian Scots and Scottish Standard English. The last is of particular interest, since it discusses contact producing a written variety. The concept of koineisation is introduced.

Keywords:   English, Scots, Contact Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, Peter Trudgill, Koineisation

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