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Democratisation in the Maghreb$
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J.N.C. Hill

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474408974

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408974.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 03 April 2020

Algeria

Algeria

Chapter:
(p.98) 3 Algeria
Source:
Democratisation in the Maghreb
Author(s):

J.N.C. Hill

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408974.003.0004

Drawing on Levitsky and Way’s model, this chapter advances an innovative explanation for the endurance of Algeria’s competitive authoritarian order. Like its Moroccan and Mauritanian counterparts (two of the volume’s other case studies), the Algerian regime emerged from the Arab Spring largely unchanged. Levitsky and Way offer a compelling account of its survival. The European Union’s and United States’s medium links to and low leverage over of the country prevent them from putting decisive democratising pressure on it. While the scope, cohesion and experience of its security apparatus give it sufficient organisational strength to withstand any domestic challenges. Nevertheless, the West could have pressed Algiers to liberalise harder and with greater consistency. And, in a departure from Levitsky and Way’s theory, President Bouteflika did not create and rely on a single ruling party.

Keywords:   Algeria, Bouteflika, Arab Spring, Competitive authoritarian, Linkage, Leverage, Organisational power, Security

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