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Muslim CosmopolitanismSoutheast Asian Islam in Comparative Perspective$
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Khairudin Aljunied

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474408882

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408882.001.0001

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Constricting Cosmopolitanism: Secular States in Muslim Southeast Asia

Constricting Cosmopolitanism: Secular States in Muslim Southeast Asia

(p.133) 6 Constricting Cosmopolitanism: Secular States in Muslim Southeast Asia
Muslim Cosmopolitanism

Khairudin Aljunied

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter looks back at the history of Southeast Asian Muslim states prior to the advent of secular modernity. It proposes that the Muslim polities that existed in Southeast Asia before the arrival of European colonialism displayed a high degree of inclusivity and encouraged Muslim cosmopolitanism in the region. The chapter then considers the modern period, which saw the weakening and breaking down of local polities under colonial rule. Moving on to the postcolonial period, a time of intense struggles between secular states and Muslim cosmopolitans across Southeast Asia, the chapter contends that the three states that this book considers — Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia — have displayed differing stances towards Muslim cosmopolitanism.

Keywords:   secular states, Southeast Asian Muslim states, secular modernity, European colonialism, postcolonial period, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia

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