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Deleuze's Kantian EthosCritique as a Way of Life$
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Cheri Lynne Carr

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781474407717

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474407717.001.0001

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The Theory of Faculties

The Theory of Faculties

(p.50) 2 The Theory of Faculties
Deleuze's Kantian Ethos

Cheri Lynne Carr

Edinburgh University Press

Prior to Foucault’s articulation of anti-fascism as the Deleuzo-Guattarian ethical project, Deleuze described his work as a contestation of the “dogmatic” or “moral” image of thought. For this contestation, Deleuze turned in Difference and Repetition to a Kantian notion of critique as the examination of the limits and powers of the faculties. Deleuze’s theory of faculties is a theory of how the subject is produced as an identity through active syntheses that are themselves the produce of passive syntheses. The critical analysis Deleuze undertakes in Difference and Repetition builds on the analysis of habit formation in the process of subjectivation insofar as it offers a method of analysis that is itself disruptive of habits and identities. Deleuze’s “immanent critique” describes in facultative passive synthesis not only the genesis of experience from sensibility, but the breakdown of experience in the violence of encounter. Critique reveals that the movement from the empirical to the transcendental or “heautonomous” forms of the faculties, which happens via an internalization of the violence of encounters that rupture ordinary experience, can be cultivated toward the ends of moving beyond the constraints of rule-governed, limited ways of thinking through the practice of critique itself.

Keywords:   Faculty, Capability, Sensibility, Dogmatic Image of Thought, Encounter, Heautonomy, Anti-fascism

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