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Shi'i Doctrine, Mu'tazili Theologyal-Sharif al-Murtada and Imami Discourse$
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Hussein Ali Abdulsater

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781474404402

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474404402.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 14 June 2021

Moral Theory and Divine Justice

Moral Theory and Divine Justice

(p.87) Chapter 3 Moral Theory and Divine Justice
Shi'i Doctrine, Mu'tazili Theology

Hussein Ali Abdulsater

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter investigates the position of human beings in this theological system. Its point of departure is a definition of the human being, from which it develops an understanding of human agency in relation to God and the world. Divine assistance (luṭf) is highlighted as the bridge between human autonomy and divine sovereignty. Following is an elaborate description of religious experience: its origins, justification, relevant parties, responsibilities and characteristics. The concept of moral obligation (taklīf) is shown to be the cornerstone of Murtaḍā’s theory on religion. The chapter is divided into three sub-headings: The Human Being; Justification of Moral Obligation; Characteristics of Moral Obligation.

Keywords:   moral obligation, divine assistance, human being, human agency

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