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Islamic Thought in ChinaSino-Muslim Intellectual Evolution from the 17th to the 21st Century$
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Jonathan Lipman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474402279

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402279.001.0001

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Tianfang Sanzijing: Exchanges and Changes in China’s Reception of Islamic Law

Tianfang Sanzijing: Exchanges and Changes in China’s Reception of Islamic Law

Chapter:
(p.55) 3 Tianfang Sanzijing: Exchanges and Changes in China’s Reception of Islamic Law
Source:
Islamic Thought in China
Author(s):

Roberta Tontini

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402279.003.0003

This chapter examines the implications of the legal discourse set forth by a Chinese primer for Muslims, the Tianfang Sanzijing (Three Character Classic of Islam), regarding notions of Islamic “legitimacy” and “orthodoxy.” Credited to the author of the Tianfang Dianli, Liu Zhi (1662-ca. 1736), and animated by that book’s purpose of reconciling Islamic law with the legal culture of the Qing, Liu’s concise primer on the main tenets of Islam spoke to a broader audience than its textual antecedent. This chapter argues that the Muslim Sanzijing set the ground for an independent development of Islamic law in the Chinese context, one that had the power to detach China from conventional Islamic jurisprudence outside its frontiers while remaining consistent with the overarching legal principles of Sunni Islam.

Keywords:   Tianfang Sanzijing, Islamic law, sharī’a, Sunni Islam, orthodoxy

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