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Islamic Thought in ChinaSino-Muslim Intellectual Evolution from the 17th to the 21st Century$
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Jonathan Lipman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474402279

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402279.001.0001

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Liu Zhi: The Great Integrator of Chinese Islamic Thought

Liu Zhi: The Great Integrator of Chinese Islamic Thought

(p.34) 2 Liu Zhi: The Great Integrator of Chinese Islamic Thought
Islamic Thought in China

James D. Frankel

Edinburgh University Press

Liu Zhi (ca. 1660 – ca. 1730) was the consummate exemplar of the late Ming - early Qing (16th-19th c.) Chinese Muslim scholarly community that produced the Han kitāb corpus, promoting Islam as entirely consonant with Neo-Confucian norms. He continued a tradition of translating Islamic ideas into classical Chinese but added his own original thought and innovative methods. Engaged not only with Confucianism but also with Daoism, Buddhism, and the other Abrahamic traditions, he drew upon and synthesised eclectic sources and influences, from mysticism to ritualism. He also inspired subsequent generations of Chinese Muslims by constructing an identity and presenting a vision of Islam that is Chinese in its core values, yet unmistakably Islamic. He thus contributed significantly to the refinement, legitimation, and popularization of Sino-Islamic intellectual simultaneity at the meeting place of two great civilizations.

Keywords:   Liu Zhi, Daoism, Buddhism, Neo-Confucianism, Sufism, Han kitāb, cultural simultaneity

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