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Post-Liberal Peace TransitionsBetween Peace Formation and State Formation$
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Oliver P. Richmond and Sandra Pogodda

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474402170

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402170.001.0001

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Afghanistan’s Post-Liberal Peace: between External Intervention and Local Efforts

Afghanistan’s Post-Liberal Peace: between External Intervention and Local Efforts

Chapter:
(p.126) 6 Afghanistan’s Post-Liberal Peace: between External Intervention and Local Efforts
Source:
Post-Liberal Peace Transitions
Author(s):

Martine van Bijlert

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402170.003.0007

This chapter examines the signals for peace formation in Afghanistan. Divisions in Afghan society have long been managed through co-operation across different groups to maintain social, economic, and political capital across networks of factional relations. The chapter then illustrates a range of ‘conflict-calming behaviours’ that try to circumvent zero-sum politics, including customs and norms of reconciliation, mediation, face saving, and forgiveness, which are also built into what would be regarded as good leadership. It argues that Afghan political bargaining is a more sophisticated form of peace formation. This form of peace formation is termed as ‘everyday diplomacy,’ adept at maintaining complex power relations but clearly also regularly breaking down and limited in its prospects of counteracting the negative effects of failed statebuilding, violent state formation, and ineffective peacebuilding.

Keywords:   Afghanistan, Afghan society, zero-sum politics, reconciliation, mediation, Afghan political bargaining, peace formation, everyday diplomacy, peace formation

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