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Post-Liberal Peace TransitionsBetween Peace Formation and State Formation$
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Oliver P. Richmond and Sandra Pogodda

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781474402170

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402170.001.0001

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Lockout: Peace Formation in Northern Ireland

Lockout: Peace Formation in Northern Ireland

Chapter:
(p.27) 1 Lockout: Peace Formation in Northern Ireland
Source:
Post-Liberal Peace Transitions
Author(s):

Roger Mac Ginty

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474402170.003.0002

This chapter looks at the pros and cons of peace formation in Northern Ireland; a case where many would suppose that international, elite-level, and social claims had moved close together during the peace process, having been at least partly reconciled mainly by various international and state-level initiatives. This translates as a form of oligarchy between domestic political parties and the British and Irish governments which did its best to stage-manage popular input. Indeed, the agency of local actors was encouraged when deemed useful but was ignored if it fell outside of the intentions of the elite peace oligarchy unless it threatened a reversion to violence. At the same time, however, party politics managed to channel popular support into the peace process, even as popular legitimacy for the outcomes of this process was waning. The chapter argues that this level of peace process — elite negotiations and party politics — has not brought about reconciliation.

Keywords:   Northern Ireland, peace oligarchy, domestic political parties, British government, Irish government, local agency, party politics, popular support, elite negotiations, popular legitimacy

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