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Sasanian Persia – Between Rome and the Steppes of Eurasia - Edinburgh Scholarship Online
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Sasanian Persia: Between Rome and the Steppes of Eurasia

Eberhard Sauer


The Sasanian Empire (third-seventh centuries) was one of the largest empires of antiquity, stretching from Mesopotamia to modern Pakistan and from Central Asia to the Arabian Peninsula. This mega-empire withstood powerful opponents in the steppe and expanded further in Late Antiquity, whilst the Roman world shrunk in size. Recent research has revealed the reasons for this success, notably population growth in some territories, economic prosperity and urban development, made possible through investment in agriculture and military infrastructure on a scale unparalleled in the late antique world ... More

Keywords: Ancient Persia, Late Antiquity, Near Eastern Archaeology, Relations between Rome and Persia, Sasanian Empire

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9781474401012
Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2019 DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401012.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Eberhard Sauer, editor
University of Edinburgh

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1 Introduction

Eberhard W. Sauer

Part I Surplus Production, Urban Growth and the Environment

3 Palaeoecological Insights into Agri-Horti-Cultural and Pastoral Practices Before, During and After the Sasanian Empire

Lyudmila Shumilovskikh, Morteza Djamali, Valérie Andrieu-Ponel, Philippe Ponel, Jacques-Louis de Beaulieu, Abdolmajid Naderi-Beni and Eberhard W. Sauer

4 Animal Exploitation and Subsistence on the Borders of the Sasanian Empire: From the Gorgan Wall (Iran) to the Gates of the Alans (Georgia)

Marjan Mashkour, Roya Khazaeli, Homa Fathi, Sarieh Amiri, Delphine Decruyenaere, Azadeh Mohaseb, Hossein Davoudi, Shiva Sheikhi and Eberhard W. Sauer

Part II Frontiers and Frontier Landscapes

Part III Contested Territories and Cultural Contacts Between Persia and Rome

Part IV Imperial Power Balance and International Relations

11 Innovation and Stagnation: Military Infrastructure and the Shifting Balance of Power Between Rome and Persia

Eberhard W. Sauer, Jebrael Nokandeh, Konstantin Pitskhelauri and Hamid Omrani Rekavandi

13 The India Trade in Late Antiquity

James Howard-Johnston

End Matter