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Sasanian PersiaBetween Rome and the Steppes of Eurasia$
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Eberhard Sauer

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781474401012

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401012.001.0001

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The Sasanian Empire and the East: A Summary of the Evidence and its Implications for Rome

The Sasanian Empire and the East: A Summary of the Evidence and its Implications for Rome

Chapter:
(p.151) 7 The Sasanian Empire and the East: A Summary of the Evidence and its Implications for Rome
Source:
Sasanian Persia
Author(s):

Warwick Ball

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474401012.003.0007

Sasanian studies in the past have focused mainly on its western regions, with its well-known remains from Azerbaijan through to Mesopotamia and Fars, and its relationship with the Roman Empire to the west. However, more recent discoveries in the east have emphasised the equal importance of these more neglected regions: the investigations of the Gorgan Wall, new fire temple complexes at Bandiyan and Sarakhs, the Bactrian documents, the Ghulbiyan painting and the rock relief of Shapur at Rag-e Bibi to name just some. This chapter will offer an overview of the Sasanian material evidence, mainly in Afghanistan, as well as the traces of Sasanian influences in art and archaeology further east. We will then attempt to identify the Sasanian presence in the archaeological record in Afghanistan and tie this to some of the documentary and literary evidence. In the light of this evidence it is then possible to reassess the Sasanian Empire, its focus and its attitudes to the west.

Keywords:   Ancient Afghanistan, Bactria, Kushans, Sasanian Empire’s eastern territories, Sasanian rock reliefs

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