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African, American and European Trajectories of ModernityPast Oppression, Future Justice?$
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Peter Wagner

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781474400404

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400404.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 29 July 2021

The Student Movement in Chile 2011–12: Rearming the Critique of Capitalism

The Student Movement in Chile 2011–12: Rearming the Critique of Capitalism

(p.238) 11 The Student Movement in Chile 2011–12: Rearming the Critique of Capitalism
African, American and European Trajectories of Modernity

Beatriz Silva Pinochet

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines the critique invoked by Chile's student movement in 2011–2012 that challenges the premises of the current spirit of capitalism — that is, the mechanisms of accumulation and its specific justifications in terms of the common good. The chapter draws on the work of Luc Boltanski and Peter Wagner about modernity, capitalism, mobilisation, critique, and structural transformations. It first considers how the critique invoked by the student movement articulates itself by understanding how the educational system in Chile was built and identifying the premises that guided the profound transformation of Chilean society led by the dictatorship. It then explores how the discourse of neo-liberal capitalism emerged in Chile, and which structures or reality tests were built based on that discourse. It also discusses the different nuances contained in the social, artistic and political critique voiced by the student movement.

Keywords:   student movement, capitalism, Luc Boltanski, Peter Wagner, modernity, structural transformations, educational system, Chile, dictatorship, mobilisation

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