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African, American and European Trajectories of ModernityPast Oppression, Future Justice?$
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Peter Wagner

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781474400404

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400404.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 28 March 2020

The Luso-Brazilian Enlightenment: Between Reform and Revolution

The Luso-Brazilian Enlightenment: Between Reform and Revolution

Chapter:
(p.101) 5 The Luso-Brazilian Enlightenment: Between Reform and Revolution
Source:
African, American and European Trajectories of Modernity
Author(s):

Alice Soares Guimarães

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400404.003.0006

This chapter examines transformations of state–society relations in eighteenth-century Portugal in relation to Enlightened political debates of the time. It also explores how these transformations shaped the relations between Portugal and Brazil in the nineteenth century, the debate about the political form of independent Brazil, and the intra-Brazilian struggles over this form before and after independence. More importantly, it challenges the notion that the Enlightenment was absent from the Portuguese Empire as a result of the rejection of modern ideas by conservative world views and projects. It argues that there was a Luso-Brazilian Enlightenment that was plural and eclectic, supporting both critiques and defences of the absolute power of the king, endorsing simultaneously a secularisation process, the promotion of reason and Roman Catholicism, and fostering not only revolutionary projects but also conservative state reforms.

Keywords:   state–society relations, Portugal, Brazil, Enlightenment, Portuguese Empire, Luso-Brazilian Enlightenment, secularisation, Roman Catholicism, revolution, state reforms

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