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African, American and European Trajectories of ModernityPast Oppression, Future Justice?$
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Peter Wagner

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781474400404

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400404.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 06 April 2020

The Sublime Dignity of the Dictator:1 Republicanism and the Return of Dictatorship in Political Modernity

The Sublime Dignity of the Dictator:1 Republicanism and the Return of Dictatorship in Political Modernity

Chapter:
(p.77) 4 The Sublime Dignity of the Dictator:1 Republicanism and the Return of Dictatorship in Political Modernity
Source:
African, American and European Trajectories of Modernity
Author(s):

Andreas Kalyvas

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9781474400404.003.0005

This chapter examines the historical and conceptual co-evolution of republicanism and dictatorship in modern political thought. It also analyses the self-professed normative commitments of political modernity, with an eye toward exposing its stato-centric nature and antidemocratic tendency. The chapter first considers how dictatorship became marginal, a minor presence throughout the development of medieval legal and political philosophy, and more specifically how the Roman model of dictatorship was displaced by the medieval theory of emergency. It then explains how the civic humanism of the Renaissance and the ensuing neo-Roman political revival retrieved the republican emergency institution from near oblivion and reintroduced it as a viable model of emergency power for modern republics. It also discusses the relationship between dictatorship and monarchy.

Keywords:   republicanism, dictatorship, political thought, political modernity, political philosophy, emergency, civic humanism, Renaissance, monarchy

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