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Arabian Drugs in Early Medieval Mediterranean Medicine$
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Zohar Amar and Efraim Lev

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780748697816

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697816.001.0001

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Discussion and Conclusions

Discussion and Conclusions

(p.228) 4 Discussion and Conclusions
Arabian Drugs in Early Medieval Mediterranean Medicine

Zohar Amar

Efraim Lev

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter draws some conclusions from the researches laid out in the previous chapter. It considers the extent of the Indian contribution to the inventory of medicinal substances in the early Islamic period, as well as how evidence of such contributions seems so scarce in comparison. The chapter also discusses the distribution of these drugs and how they were spurred on by ‘strong market forces’ — namely, the new trading routes and economic conditions created by the Arab conquests and their governmental policies. Literature and translations were just one way to transmit medical knowledge from the Classical to the Arab world and from there to the West; others were trade, diplomacy, pilgrimage, and waves of conquests. The chapter thus shows how the Arabs rendered a transformation of the entire medieval world, including the comprehensive dominance of Greek pharmacology along with Persian and Ayurvedic drugs.

Keywords:   Arab medicine, Greek medicine, Persian medicine, Indian medicine, Arab conquests, Arab governmental policies, strong market forces, medieval trade, drug distribution, medical knowledge

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