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Arabian Drugs in Early Medieval Mediterranean Medicine$
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Zohar Amar and Efraim Lev

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780748697816

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697816.001.0001

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‘Arabian’ Substances

‘Arabian’ Substances

(p.82) 3 ‘Arabian’ Substances
Arabian Drugs in Early Medieval Mediterranean Medicine

Zohar Amar

Efraim Lev

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter describes the main medicinal substances that were distributed as a result of the Muslim conquests. It presents about half of nearly a hundred of these substances. Most of the entries in this chapter discuss substances that were clearly identified, along with evidence of practical uses in medical books and prescriptions, as well as commercial documents. Exploration of these is limited only to the typical medicinal substances, some of which had also been used as spices, perfumes, dyes, and gemstones. These drugs were commonly used for long periods, many of them having been utilized until the nineteenth century. In this manner, the long-term contribution of the Arabs in introducing the ‘new’ drugs in the Old World is clearly demonstrated.

Keywords:   medicinal substances, Muslim conquests, medical books and prescriptions, commercial documents, new drugs, Old World

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