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Constituting ScotlandThe Scottish National Movement and the Westminster Model$
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W. Elliot Bulmer

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780748697595

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697595.001.0001

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The Global Development of the Westminster Model

The Global Development of the Westminster Model

Chapter:
(p.19) Chapter 2 The Global Development of the Westminster Model
Source:
Constituting Scotland
Author(s):

W. Elliot Bulmer

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748697595.003.0002

This chapter argues that the term ‘Westminster Model’ is still a useful on in categorising politico-legal systems which, although capable of accommodating much diversity in term of institutional design, share unmistakable family resemblances. It shows that, amongst Westminster Model democracies, the UK – although the originator – is now the outlier. Charting the historical development of the Westminster Model in dominions and former colonies, it demonstrates that today Westminster-derived democracies usually have written and procedurally entrenched constitutions, bills of rights, judicial review, independent ‘fourth branch’ institutions, provision for referendums, and other innovations. To include such features in a Scottish Constitution would be in keeping with the globally developed Westminster Model, not a repudiation of it.

Keywords:   Westminster Model, Constitutional Borrowing, Constitutional Innovations, Written Constitution

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