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Shaping Global Islamic DiscoursesThe Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa$
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Masooda Bano and Keiko Sakurai

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780748696857

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.001.0001

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“Azharisation” of ʿUlama Training in Malaysia

“Azharisation” of ʿUlama Training in Malaysia

(p.190) Chapter 8 “Azharisation” of ʿUlama Training in Malaysia
Shaping Global Islamic Discourses

Hiroko Kushimoto

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the relationship between al Azhar and the government policy of ulama training in Malaysia. It traces how, during the twentieth century, a number of factors led to al Azhar becoming one of the most popular choices for Malaysian students wanting to major in Islamic Studies. Initially, ulama adopted al Azhar's reformed curriculum by choice, as the mixed curriculum introduced by al Azhar, starting with Muhammad Abduh's modernisation project, helped the religious schools in Malaysia to compete with the state run modern schools. However, to demonstrate its commitment to Islam, the Malaysian state eventually started to invest in al Azhar education. Under a series of policies intended to emphasise Islam, religious education and religious administration expanded rapidly, thus providing increased job opportunities for al Azhar graduates.

Keywords:   al Azhar, ulama training, Malaysia, Islamic Studies, Muhammad Abduh, religious education

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