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Muhammad IqbalEssays on the Reconstruction of Modern Muslim Thought$
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Chad Hillier and Basit Koshul

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780748695416

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695416.001.0001

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Iqbal, Bergson and the Reconstruction of the Divine Nexus in Political Thought

Iqbal, Bergson and the Reconstruction of the Divine Nexus in Political Thought

(p.167) 8 Iqbal, Bergson and the Reconstruction of the Divine Nexus in Political Thought
Muhammad Iqbal

H. C. Hillier

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter looks at the reconstruction of the divine nexus in political thought in Muhammad Iqbal and Henri Bergson. Articulated in Mark Lilla's book Stillborn God (2007), the divine nexus — that is, the intersection of God, man, and the world — in Western political thought was abandoned in the early modern period and no thinker has effectively re-conceptualised it since. The chapter argues that through their shared metaphysical and epistemological ideas, Iqbal and Bergson form a new philosophical foundation that puts God at the centre of the cosmos. In this, both identify the centrality of prophecy/mysticism in the collective life of society and show the indispensable role that religion plays in challenging those political realities in the world that threaten human dignity, freedom, and well-being.

Keywords:   divine nexus, political thought, Muhammad Iqbal, Henri Bergson, cosmos, prophecy, mysticism, religion

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