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Muhammad IqbalEssays on the Reconstruction of Modern Muslim Thought$
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Chad Hillier and Basit Koshul

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780748695416

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748695416.001.0001

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Pragmatism and Islam in Peirce and Iqbal: The Metaphysics of Emergent Mind

Pragmatism and Islam in Peirce and Iqbal: The Metaphysics of Emergent Mind

(p.88) 5 Pragmatism and Islam in Peirce and Iqbal: The Metaphysics of Emergent Mind
Muhammad Iqbal

Richard Gilmore

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter identifies parallels between the philosophies of Muhammad Iqbal and Charles Peirce. By emphasising the ‘by their fruits, ye shall know them’ evaluation of human actions, it distinguishes the methodological parallel between Iqbal's understanding of Islam and American pragmatism. This parallel is brought to the fore when Iqbal's conception of tauhid (‘oneness (of God)’) and Peirce's conception of ‘personality’ are compared. Other parallels between Iqbal and Peirce include nature possessing signs of transcendence, rejection of scientific mechanical cosmology, creative development of the ego, and teleological drive of the cosmos towards harmony. Ultimately, Iqbal and Peirce share a common mission of repair (tikkun), repairing what modernity had damaged by refocusing one's attention upon the genuinely progressive teleological causality at the heart of the cosmos.

Keywords:   Muhammad Iqbal, Charles Peirce, Islam, American pragmatism, tauhid, personality, cosmos, tikkun, modernity

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