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Violence in Islamic Thought from the Qur'an to the Mongols$
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Robert Gleave and István Kristó-Nagy

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780748694235

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694235.001.0001

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The Question of Divine Help in the Jihād

The Question of Divine Help in the Jihād

Chapter:
(p.27) Chapter 2 The Question of Divine Help in the Jihād
Source:
Violence in Islamic Thought from the Qur'an to the Mongols
Author(s):

Dominique Urvoy

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694235.003.0002

The theme of ‘help’ is ubiquitous in the Qurʾān. In it, composites of the root n-ṣ-r appear approximately 120 times with that meaning. But more explicitly, in the sūras that are traditionally associated with the Medinan period (particularly, sūras 5, 8 and 9), this theme comes to light as the idea of a concrete aid given by God to those who fight for Him: this idea appears twelve times, and in two of these, there is a passage of several verses where the verb naṣara or the substantive naṣr is explicitly stated ten times. This help from God can take on several aspects. The Qurʾān sometimes insists on the contrast between the divine plan and the limited vision of humans: it is then a question of divine inspiration as to the decision to fight, in spite of the reluctance of some people (Q 3:5; 33:11–15), or not to give in to the temptation to flee (Q 9:25).

Keywords:   Divine, Help, Jihad

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