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The Popularisation of Sufism in Ayyubid and Mamluk Egypt, 1173-1325$
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Nathan Hofer

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780748694211

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694211.001.0001

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Al-Iskandarī’s Image of the Shādhilī Ṭarīqa

Al-Iskandarī’s Image of the Shādhilī Ṭarīqa

Chapter:
(p.129) 5 Al-Iskandarī’s Image of the Shādhilī Ṭarīqa
Source:
The Popularisation of Sufism in Ayyubid and Mamluk Egypt, 1173-1325
Author(s):

Nathan Hofer

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694211.003.0006

In the previous chapter I argued that Ibn ʿA†āʾ Allāh al-Iskandarī’s Hagiographical image of al-Shādhilī and al-Mursī precipitated the institutionalisation of a collective Shādhilī identity linked to an eponymous method, or †arīqa. In order to bolster his credentials and cement his status as the authorised spokesperson for and representative of the Shādhilī †arīqa in Egypt, al-Iskandarī publicised in speech and writing a specific image of the masters that became authoritative for the emergent Shādhilī collectivity. Importantly, al-Iskandarī’s construction both reflected and shaped the doctrines and practices of the nascent community. By textually standardising the doctrines and practices of the Shādhilī masters in line with communal expectations about the †arīqa, al-Iskandarī discursively mapped the identity of the collectivity onto the biographies of al-Shādhilī and al-Mursī, who thus functioned metonymically as the communal ideal.

Keywords:   Saintly Authority, Juridical Authority, Wary Political Reciprocity, Authorising Practices

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