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The Concept of the State in International RelationsPhilosophy, Sovereignty and Cosmopolitanism$
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Robert Schuett and Peter M. R. Stirk

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780748693627

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748693627.001.0001

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Open Societies, Cosmopolitanism and the Kelsenian State as a Safeguard against Nationalism

Open Societies, Cosmopolitanism and the Kelsenian State as a Safeguard against Nationalism

Chapter:
(p.221) 8 Open Societies, Cosmopolitanism and the Kelsenian State as a Safeguard against Nationalism
Source:
The Concept of the State in International Relations
Author(s):

Robert Schuett

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748693627.003.0009

This chapter delineates a critical-realist perspective of the state in international relations. That perspective allows for more political change and global reform than hard-nosed Realpolitiker would acknowledge. It shows how a particular concept of the state — in this case, a Kelsenian liberal state politics — can give rise to such an intellectual persuasion. It argues that for those riven between a Kantian duty to unceasingly work towards perpetual peace and a Freudian realism to recognise the complexities of human nature, the Kelsenian state provides a well-specified philosophical basis for theorising the limits and possibilities of open societies and cosmopolitan global reform in an international system still plagued by a Westphalian ethics and the forces of nationalism.

Keywords:   state, international relations, liberal state politics, Kelsenian state, global reform, Westphalian ethics, nationalism

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