Globalisation and the Return of Hyper-Sovereignty
This chapter begins by outlining the return of ‘manifest Eurocentrism’ in the post-1989 era from which the constructions of globalisation and state sovereignty are derived. It reveals how the manifest Eurocentrism of these two theoretical conglomerates has led to the construction of world politics not as one of sovereign, juridically equal sovereign states existing under global anarchy but rather of gradated sovereignty under global hierarchy. Mainstream international theory after 1989 takes two generic forms — Western-realism and Western-liberalism. Western-realists want to contain and punish ‘recalcitrant and deviant’ Eastern societies while the Western-liberals believe that disciplining and converting the East into an extension of the West is a genuinely progressive good that Easterners will one day be grateful for.
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