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The Transition Towards Revolution and ReformThe Arab Spring Realised?$
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Sonia L. Alianak

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748692712

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692712.001.0001

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The transition towards revolution in Egypt:

The transition towards revolution in Egypt:

The Arab Spring realised?

(p.55) Chapter 3 The transition towards revolution in Egypt
The Transition Towards Revolution and Reform

Sonia L. Alianak

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter deals, in phase 1, with people power uprisings in 2011 when Egypt erupted in revolution and Mubarak fell due to hierarchical dissonance in values, without religious mitigation, between Mubarak and the ruled with their demands of social justice versus Mubarak’s cooptation of elites; people power versus the power of repression with Mubarak’s prioritizing stability; and ruled aspirations for populist democracy versus Mubarak’s illiberal democracy. Phase 2 of the chapter represents a transition towards a second revolution as Egypt went through populist ownership and military management; tried to transition to democracy through parliamentary elections; experienced its first democratically elected President, Mohamed Morsi; underwent a 2013 counter-revolution, suggesting stabilising ineffectiveness of perceived excessive religion, led by military’s General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Addressing the realisation of the Arab Spring, the author shows and predicts the restoration of the ancien regime with its emphasis on stability rather than democracy and social justice.

Keywords:   Egypt, Hosni Mubarak, people power, repression, social justice, populist democracy, illiberal democracy, Mohamed Morsi, counter-revolution, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

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