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The Transition Towards Revolution and ReformThe Arab Spring Realised?$
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Sonia L. Alianak

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748692712

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692712.001.0001

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The transition towards the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia:

The transition towards the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia:

The Arab Spring realised?

(p.23) Chapter 2 The transition towards the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia
The Transition Towards Revolution and Reform

Sonia L. Alianak

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter introduces the start of the Arab Spring uprisings in Tunisia where people power demonstrations led President Ben Ali to flee the country when the military did not back him in 2011. Ben Ali emphasised stability while neglecting to use the palliative of religion, unlike in the past, to relieve the intolerability of the dissonance in values with the ruled who emphasised economic justice and redress of their perceived relative deprivation to be arrived at through democracy (viability of HD hypothesis and Pendulum Model). The author deals with ruled demands of social justice versus Ben Ali’s cooptation of the ruling family and crony capitalists; people power demanding dignity and freedom versus Ben Ali’s power of repression especially in 2011; ruled aspired populist democracy versus Ben Ali’s illiberal democracy. Addressing the realisation of the Arab Spring, the author predicts the coming together of the emerging Islamist al-Nahda with moderate secularists.

Keywords:   Tunisia, Ben Ali, people power, religion, social justice, relative deprivation, populist democracy, illiberal democracy, repression, al-Nahda

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