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The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization$
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Pius ten Hacken and Claire Thomas

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748689606

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689606.001.0001

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Semantic transparency and anaphoric islands

Semantic transparency and anaphoric islands

(p.140) Chapter 8 Semantic transparency and anaphoric islands
The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization

Martin Schäfer

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter investigates the relationship between the semantic transparency of compounds and their status as anaphoric islands. After revisiting the most compelling evidence for a pragmatic account of the English data, it discusses German adjective-noun compounds and argues that semantic transparency plays a crucial role in accessing compound-internal components for anaphoric reference. Motivated by a small corpus study on AN compounds that allow reference to the head realized by a zero pronoun, a number of factors that motivate the actual usage of anaphora are discussed. In particular, for fully transparent adjective-noun compounds the entrenchment of the phrasal version relative to the compound plays a role, while for not fully transparent compounds, morphosyntactic constraints can impose anaphoric usage.

Keywords:   anaphoric islands, adjective-noun compounds, anaphora, semantic transparency, German, entrenchment

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