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The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization$
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Pius ten Hacken and Claire Thomas

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748689606

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748689606.001.0001

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Lexicalization in Generative Morphology and Conceptual Structure

Lexicalization in Generative Morphology and Conceptual Structure

(p.45) Chapter 3 Lexicalization in Generative Morphology and Conceptual Structure
The Semantics of Word Formation and Lexicalization

Clarie Thomas

Edinburgh University Press

The term lexicalization has been used for a number of different processes that are related to each other in various ways. In generative morphology, two senses of lexicalization are used. In one sense, it refers to the incorporation of a complex expression into the lexicon, so that it can be retrieved immediately and no longer needs to be produced on-line. In the other sense, it refers to the development of idiosyncratic, non-compositional meanings for complex expressions. I illustrate how these two senses are formalized in Lieber’s system of lexical semantics, taking as my example the process and result readings of settlement. In the context of his Parallel Architecture, Jackendoff seems to use a completely different sense of lexicalization. For him it refers to the way a conceptual structure is expressed by lexical items. A well-known observation in this context is that movement verbs (e.g. swim) can express both manner and path of movement in Germanic languages, but not in Romance languages. We can reconcile the different senses of lexicalization by using elements of Pustejovsky’s Generative Lexicon, in particular his theory of dotted types and lexical-conceptual paradigms (lcp). This is illustrated by the treatment of swim vs. French nager (‘swim’) and by the different senses of settlement.

Keywords:   lexicalization, process/result alternation, movement verbs, Generative Lexicon, conceptual structure, dotted types, lexical-conceptual paradigm (lcp)

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