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A History of Islam in Indonesia$
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Carool Kersten

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780748681839

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748681839.001.0001

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Islam and nation-building

Islam and nation-building

Chapter:
(p.92) Chapter 4 Islam and nation-building
Source:
A History of Islam in Indonesia
Author(s):

Carool Kersten

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748681839.003.0004

Indonesia is home to the largest Muslim mass organizations in the world, which not only predate, but whose tens of millions of adherents also put more well-known movements such as the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and Pakistans Jamaat-e Islami in the shadow. Opting for less confrontational modes of emancipation of Indonesia’s Muslim population, the Islamic modernist Muhammadiyah (1912), the puritan reformist Persatuan Islam (1923), and traditionalist Nahdlatul Ulama (NU, 1926) all focused on Islamic education. Only the Sarekat Islam (1911) had a political agenda from the beginning, When opportunity arose during the Japanese occupation, al switched to political activism, playing a key role in the independence struggle of the 1940s.

Keywords:   Mass organisations, Modernism, Reformism, Traditional Islam, Nationalism

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