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London's Underground SpacesRepresenting the Victorian City, 1840-1915$
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Haewon Hwang

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748676071

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748676071.001.0001

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Underground Revolutions: Invisible Networks of Terror in Fin-de-Siècle London

Underground Revolutions: Invisible Networks of Terror in Fin-de-Siècle London

(p.159) Chapter 4 Underground Revolutions: Invisible Networks of Terror in Fin-de-Siècle London
London's Underground Spaces

Haewon Hwang

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter focuses on the most conceptual use of the ‘underground’ that divorces the term from direct spatial connotations. In this ideological framework, Marxism, nationalism and terrorism all converge in the network of subterranean, subversive activities, which extend beyond the borders of London to Russia, Ireland, Continental Europe and the Americas. Although socialist gatherings and political meetings were often spatialised in underground terms as hidden, secret and covert, the rhetoric of political movements was pervasive and contagious on the surface of the city, as political demonstrations and dynamite detonations terrorised the urban imagination. However, the chapter also examines the absence of terrorism in literary works, where the spectre of violence pervades the novel in private and domestic ways. As in previous chapters, women are aligned with subterranean activities, but in a revolutionary context, women are often depicted as ‘networkers’ in the web of intrigue, more threatening than the male counterparts themselves.

Keywords:   Revolution, Socialist, Anarchist, Fin de Siècle, Henry James, Joseph Conrad, G K Chesterton, Robert Louis Stevenson, Terror

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