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A History of Military Occupation from 1792 to 1914$
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Peter M. R. Stirk

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780748675999

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748675999.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 15 October 2019

European Occupations before 1870

European Occupations before 1870

(p.104) Chapter 2. European Occupations before 1870
A History of Military Occupation from 1792 to 1914

Peter M. R. Stirk

Edinburgh University Press

This argues that just as the turmoil of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars had set the framework for the emergence of the concept of occupation the Concert Of Europe established at the end of those wars set the framework for its development predominantly within Europe but to a limited extent beyond it. Conceptually, the newly emergent doctrine of ‘intervention’ and disputes surrounding it often took precedence over ‘occupation’ yet occupation was often described as a consequence of intervention. in practice weak governments were vulnerable even to divided oppositions with shallow roots in their own society. Occupants experienced difficulty both in propping up weak governments challenged from below and in creating new indigenous authorities with sufficient strength to stand on their own feet. The chapter demonstrates how these factors affected occupations from those of Naples, Piedmont and Span in the 1820s, Russian occupation of the Danubian Principalities, the French occupation of Belgium, occupations associated with the Revolutions of 1848, Russian and Austrian occupations in the South East Europe, the occupations of Prussia’s wars and occupations in Syria and Mexico. It concludes that those occupations which involved the last frustration were Prussia occupations leading to conquest.

Keywords:   Concert of Europe, Intervention, Revolution, 1848, Military Occupation

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