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The Russian Language Outside the NationSpeakers and Identities$
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Lara Ryazanova-Clarke

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748668458

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748668458.001.0001

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Predictors of Pluricentricity

Predictors of Pluricentricity

Lexical Divergences between Latvian Russian and Russian Russian

(p.225) Chapter 9 Predictors of Pluricentricity
The Russian Language Outside the Nation

Aleksandrs Berdicevskis

Edinburgh University Press

The chapter discusses pluricentic trends in the Russian language in Latvia. It provides an overview of linguistic polycentricism and, based on the quantitative data analysis of twenty-two official regionalisms encountered in Latvian Russian, traces lexical divergencies between metropolitan Russian and Latvian Russian and positions Latvian Russian on the scale of pluricentricity. The chapter argues that items examined represent various types of innovations: loanwords, calques, semantic displacements, as well as more exotic cases of loan usage and historical restorations. Various reasons for the emergence of these innovations are discussed, from the general ones such as the influence of the Latvian language and introduction of novel cultural phenonema, to more specific such as the preference of shorter, or less marked variants, or of those which better conform to the one-meaning-one-form principle. The chapter concludes that Russian in Latvia is now partly endonormative.

Keywords:   Russian language, Latvia, pluricentricity, lexis, endornormative, quantitative analysis

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