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Plutarch and the Persica$
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Eran Almagor

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780748645558

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748645558.001.0001

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Ctesias (a)

Ctesias (a)

(p.34) 2. Ctesias (a)
Plutarch and the Persica

Eran Almagor

Edinburgh University Press

The most important writer of the group of authors who are said to have composed Persica works is Ctesias of Cnidus (fl. 400-390 BCE). Of all the authors treated in this book, Ctesias the physician is the only one about whose life and work we have relatively secure information, albeit it all appears to ultimately come from his own descriptions, and despite the fact that certain issues are still unclear. The chapter addresses passages in which Ctesias' name is explicitly stated as a source by Plutarch. It begins with an analysis of the passages in Plutarch's work, and combines the observations with what is known of Ctesias from other sources, to infer Plutarch's work method and the purpose of using Ctesias in the Artaxerxes and of mentioning him as a source.

Keywords:   Artaxerxes, Ctesias, Cunaxa, Cyrus the Younger, De sollertia animalium (On the Intelligence of Animals), Indica, metalepsis, metapoetic imagery, Photius, Plutarch

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