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Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim SocietiesUnderstanding the Past$
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Sarah Bowen Savant and Helena de Felipe

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748644971

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748644971.001.0001

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Berber Leadership and Genealogical Legitimacy: The Almoravid Case

Berber Leadership and Genealogical Legitimacy: The Almoravid Case

Chapter:
(p.55) Chapter 4 Berber Leadership and Genealogical Legitimacy: The Almoravid Case
Source:
Genealogy and Knowledge in Muslim Societies
Author(s):

Helena de Felipe

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748644971.003.0005

This chapter examines the case of the first Almoravid amir, Yusuf ibn Tashfin (r. 1061–1106), a Lamtuna Sanhaja Berber, and the way that genealogy can legitimise political authority. More specifically, it considers how Yusuf ibn Tashfin claimed an Arab genealogy that drew on a textual heritage shared by Muslims in the East and the West. It begins with a discussion of the Almoravids and the role they played in the expansion and defence of Islam in the Islamic West; they controlled a territory, West Africa, where Islam was disseminated, as well as another region, al-Andalus, where it was necessary to defend the religion against the advances of the Christian kings from the north. The chapter then provides an overview of al-Andalus before looking at the origins of the Berbers, and in particular their relationship to the tribe of Himyar. It also analyses how genealogy enabled Yusuf ibn Tashfin to address his problems related to political and religious legitimacy.

Keywords:   genealogy, Yusuf ibn Tashfin, political authority, Muslims, Almoravids, al-Andalus, Berbers, Himyar, political legitimacy, religious legitimacy

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