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Creating WorldviewsMetaphor, Ideology and Language$
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James W. Underhill

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780748643158

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643158.001.0001

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Metaphors We Live By

Metaphors We Live By

(p.25) Chapter 3 Metaphors We Live By
Creating Worldviews

James W. Underhill

Edinburgh University Press

The explosion of work on metaphor in recent decades has its roots in the ground-breaking book Metaphors We Live By, written by Lakoff and Johnson in 1980. Though the two authors have modified their position in separate and co-written works since then, and though cognitive approaches have moved on to other fields of linguistics, semantics and epistemology, and though they have introduced new paradigms for analysing metaphor, it is worth quoting the fundamental claims made in this work, since these claims have influenced the terms of the debate that revolves around the representation of conceptual constructs in language. The pith of these fundamental claims can be summed up in seven points: metaphors live; metaphors form systematic constructs; metaphors highlight and hide; conceptual metaphors often contradict one another; metaphors are grounded in experience; metaphors create similarity; and metaphor is the cardinal trope.

Keywords:   metaphor, systematic constructs, experience, similarity, cardinal trope

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