A Second Axial Age
This concluding chapter reviews how in the twelfth century midpoint, major religious traditions throughout Eurasia and North Africa experienced a great spiritual transformation. The rise of commercial wealth and trade and the interactions between different faiths sparked this spiritual revival. This could be called a Second Axial Age: a world historical transformation marked by profound changes and encounters both within and between matured religious traditions and cultures. A rise of mystical thinkers and esoteric knowers of universal spiritual truths came to change the nature of religious traditions throughout Eurasia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Mediterranean. But perhaps the most profound changes occurred in Islam, Christianity, and Judaism and the twelfth-century mystical awakening of Sufism, Kabbalah, and the Minor Friars.
Edinburgh Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.