Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Near WestMedieval North Africa, Latin Europe and the Mediterranean in the Second Axial Age$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Allen Fromherz

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780748642946

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642946.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 13 October 2019



The Founding of a City

(p.119) 4 Marrakech
The Near West

Allen James Fromherz

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter details the founding of the city of Marrakech, which was regarded as a purely original Islamic city —a citadel to the unifying reforms of the Almoravid and Almohad Berber empires. Over time, despite some efforts to prevent religious diversity under both Islamic empires, the city almost irresistibly emerged as a cosmopolis. The conflict between Almoravid and Almohad ideals could be best seen in the history of Marrakech. In relating the story of the mouth veil, the chapter shows how it was as much about the transformation of religious and ethnic identity as it was about the flipping of gender symbols in the midst of conquest. The Almohads made good use of the Almoravid male veil in their propaganda against degenerate effetes who had done, decades earlier, what the Almohads themselves hoped to do: conquer much of Al-Andalus and North Africa.

Keywords:   Marrakech, Almoravid, Almohads, mouth veil, religious identity, ethnicity, Al-Andalus, North Africa

Edinburgh Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.