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KropotkinReviewing the Classical Anarchist Tradition$
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Ruth Kinna

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780748642298

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748642298.001.0001

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Anarchism: Utopian and Scientific

Anarchism: Utopian and Scientific

(p.127) 5 Anarchism: Utopian and Scientific

Ruth Kinna

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter examines Kropotkin's utopianism and shows how his concern with anarchist organisation reflected his understanding of the role of ideas in advancing revolutionary change and the need to construct alternatives to the state as part of the process of social transformation. It examines Kropotkin's critique of social democracy and his rejection of prevailing Marxist accounts of historical change. It also explores his defence of communism and his account of freedom. It shows why Kropotkin believed that communism was better able to safeguard anarchist principles than rights-based individualist anarchist schemes. The chapter also explores Kropotkin's evolutionary ethics and shows how nihilism was integral to his conception of mutual aid.

Keywords:   Anarchist communism, Anarchist utopianism, Mutual aid, Anarchist ethics, Anarchist organisation, Fields, Factories and Workshops

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