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JawanmardiA Sufi Code of Honour$
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Lloyd Ridgeon

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780748641826

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641826.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM EDINBURGH SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.edinburgh.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Edinburgh University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in ESO for personal use.date: 04 June 2020

Introduction to Futuwwat Nama of MirzaʿAbd al-ʿAzim Khan Qarib-i Garakani

Introduction to Futuwwat Nama of MirzaʿAbd al-ʿAzim Khan Qarib-i Garakani

(p.98) (p.99) Introduction to Futuwwat Nama of MirzaʿAbd al-ʿAzim Khan Qarib-i Garakani

Lloyd Ridgeon

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses a futawwat nama that dates back to the fourteenth century. It is assumed that the author of this futawwat was a member of the Rifa،i order, which is linked with the Basran Sufi Ahmad Rifa،i. Rifa،i was associated with eye-catching and populist forms of Sufi activity, however; the futawwat in this futawwat nama is devoid of such Sufi activities. Instead, the author presents a form of futawwat that is in conformity to the image of tradition as it appears in other Sufi-futawwat names of the period. The first chapter of this futawwat places the tradition within the Qur،anic context by listing those individuals and Prophets attributed within the term fata. The futawwat nama Mirza ،Abd al-،Azim Garakani links the genealogy of futawwat to the Prophet Muhammad and ،Ali. The aim is to legitimise futawwat. The second chapter of the futawwat builds on the Islamic foundation by discussing the three kinds of futawwat such as the initiation by imbibing of salt water, by a verbal pledge, and by the sword. The third chapter and fourth chapters of the futawwat focus on those who may not be initiated into the futawwat and the distinctions between the futawwat and other Sufi traditions.

Keywords:   futawwat nama, fourteenth century, Rifa،i order, Prophets, fata, futawwat nama Mirza, Islamic foundation, initiation

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