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Prisons in the Late Ottoman EmpireMicrocosms of Modernity$
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Kent F. Schull

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748641734

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.001.0001

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Creating Juvenile Delinquents: Redefining Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire

Creating Juvenile Delinquents: Redefining Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire

Chapter:
(p.166) 6 Creating Juvenile Delinquents: Redefining Childhood in the Late Ottoman Empire
Source:
Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire
Author(s):

Kent F. Schull

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.003.0007

Chapter Six investigates Ottoman conceptions of childhood, particularly regarding incarcerated minors. During the Second Constitutional Period, the CUP went to great lengths to protect children from serving prison sentences with adult inmates by rationalizing the legal definition of childhood and by centralizing power into the hands of the Imperial Ottoman Penal Code and the state-run criminal courts. The Ottoman Prison Administration was committed to removing children from prisons and separating criminally culpable minors from adult convicts. This was done through pardons, creating special reformatories for child criminals, and by introducing a gradated system of punishment according to the age of the child, thus introducing the notion of adolescences into the Middle East. By assuming greater responsibility for the protection of juvenile delinquents, the CUP increased the state’s intervention into the private sphere and simultaneously reshaped the public sphere.

Keywords:   Juvenile delinquents, childhood, reformatories, adolescence, Imperial Ottoman Penal Code

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