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Prisons in the Late Ottoman EmpireMicrocosms of Modernity$
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Kent F. Schull

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748641734

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.001.0001

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Counting the Incarcerated: Knowledge, Power and the Prison Population

Counting the Incarcerated: Knowledge, Power and the Prison Population

(p.67) 3 Counting the Incarcerated: Knowledge, Power and the Prison Population
Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire

Kent F. Schull

Edinburgh University Press

Chapter Three investigates Ottoman efforts to gain knowledge and power over prisons and the incarcerated by collecting statistical information through prison questionnaires and surveys. Not only did these efforts provide invaluable knowledge about prison conditions and the prison population, but they also yield important insights into the ideology and worldview of Ottoman prison reformers. The knowledge gained from these efforts greatly affected prison reform programmes in terms of the methods and styles of incarceration, such as prisoner classification, prison organization, prisoner separation, the removal of juvenile delinquents from prisons, and the creation of gendered incarceration. This chapter also includes a discussion of the prison population itself, in terms of its socio-economic and religious composition, criminality, and how individual prisoners were identified and categorized.

Keywords:   prison statistics, prison population, prison demographics, prisoner identity, prison reform

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