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Prisons in the Late Ottoman EmpireMicrocosms of Modernity$
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Kent F. Schull

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780748641734

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641734.001.0001

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Prison Reform in the Late Ottoman Empire:The State’s Perspectives

Prison Reform in the Late Ottoman Empire:The State’s Perspectives

(p.42) 2 Prison Reform in the Late Ottoman Empire:The State’s Perspectives
Prisons in the Late Ottoman Empire

Kent F. Schull

Edinburgh University Press

Chapter Two consists of a general survey of Ottoman prison reform from the 1850s until the end of the empire (circa 1919) from a state-centric perspective. It pays particular attention to the development of programmes and policies, where they originated, the foundations they built for successive reforms, and how these reforms exemplify particular regime ideologies and world views. Woven throughout the chapter are six broad themes associated with Ottoman prison reform that include transformation through continuity and change as opposed to rupture, a focus by reformers on prisoner rehabilitation, administrative centralisation and governmentality, order and discipline, the creation and expansion of an Ottoman ‘nanny state’ in which the government increasingly assumes greater amounts of responsibility for the welfare of its population, and finally, the juxtaposition of prison reform with the reality of prison life. This chapter, therefore lays out the major topics of investigation that constitute the book’s remaining chapters.

Keywords:   governmentality, prison reform, state-centric perspective, nanny state, prisoner rehabilitation

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