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Contemporary IjtihadLimits and Controversies$
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L. Ali Khan and Hisham M. Ramadan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780748641284

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641284.001.0001

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Classical Era of Ijtihad, 632–875

Classical Era of Ijtihad, 632–875

1 Classical Era of Ijtihad, 632–875
Contemporary Ijtihad

Khan L. Ali

M. Ramadan Hisham

Edinburgh University Press

This chapter discusses the classical era of ijtihad (632–875), a period marked by impressive jurisprudential research and creativity. This classical period emphasises the inherently dynamic and diverse nature of the Islamic law, and also demonstrates that God's law animates the physical universe and systems of knowledge on a daily basis. It is also closely related to, but distinguished from, the period of prophecy during which the Qur'an and the Prophet's Sunnah was delivered, and is furthermore a period marked by the emergence of five madhabs. In this chapter, the discussions focus on: the Basic Code; the classical fiqh; and centuries of taqlid.

Keywords:   ijtihad, classical period, Islamic law, period of prophecy, Qur'an, Sunnah, Basic Code, classical fiqh, taqlid

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