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Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice$
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Barry Heselwood

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748640737

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640737.001.0001

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Phonetic Transcription in Relation to Instrumental and Other Records

Phonetic Transcription in Relation to Instrumental and Other Records

Chapter:
(p.223) 6 Phonetic Transcription in Relation to Instrumental and Other Records
Source:
Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice
Author(s):

Barry Heselwood

Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640737.003.0007

Chapter 6 examines the different kinds of relationships which may obtain between a transcription and an instrumental record of speech such as a spectrogram or palatogram. A transcription can be ‘instrument-dependent’ either by taking instrumental information as its data such that it provides an annotation or summary of that information, or it can use instrumental records to assist in making transcriptional decisions. Alternatively, a transcription can have instrumental records indexed to specific parts of it to provide information of the kind that cannot easily be expressed in notation, e.g. formant transitions, or a pattern of tongue-palate contact. Examples are discussed in which impressionistic transcriptions are presented alongside instrument-dependent transcriptions to show that they offer a listener-oriented perspective to complement the speaker- and signal-oriented information. The chapter argues that these relationships require the domain-neutral status of phonetic notation so that symbols can be interpreted through domain-specific conventions depending on their context of use.

Keywords:   instrumental records, instrument-dependent, annotation, domain-neutral, domain-specific

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