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Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice$
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Barry Heselwood

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748640737

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640737.001.0001

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Types of Transcription

Types of Transcription

(p.141) 4 Types of Transcription
Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice

Barry Heselwood

Edinburgh University Press

Chapter 4 takes a critical look at previously proposed criteria for classifying transcriptions into categories such as broad and narrow, and systematic and impressionistic. Some modifications and some additional categories are suggested, for example specific versus generic transcriptions, and transcriptions which depend on instrumental data versus those which do not. It is also suggested that, in addition to speaker-oriented and listener-oriented transcriptions which try to express aspects of articulation and perception respectively, signal-oriented transcriptions should also be recognized which try to express aspects of acoustic structure. The theory-dependence of phonemic, archiphonemic and morphophonemic transcriptions is discussed, and representations of non-segmental and suprasegmental phenomena, such as parametric transcriptions, gestural scores and intonational transcription, are illustrated.

Keywords:   transcription, phonemic, morphophonemic, parametric, gestural score, suprasegmental, intonational

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