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Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice$
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Barry Heselwood

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748640737

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640737.001.0001

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Origins and Development of Phonetic Transcription

Origins and Development of Phonetic Transcription

(p.37) 2 Origins and Development of Phonetic Transcription
Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice

Barry Heselwood

Edinburgh University Press

Chapter 2 gives an account of how phonographic resources for writing language arose through the rebus principle and acrophony, how thinking about the nature and production of speech created the discipline of phonetics and phonetic theory, and how the coming together of these developments led to specialist adaptations of writing in the form of systems of phonetic notation. It is argued that the segment is a legitimate unit of speech analysis, and that claims that research shows it to be dependent on alphabetic writing are misplaced. The nineteenth century is identified as the time when phonetic notation started to become fully and systematically separate from the characters of written language, and transcription systematically and conceptually separate from spelling.

Keywords:   phonographic, rebus, acrophony, segment, phonetic theory, phonetic notation

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