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Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice$
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Barry Heselwood

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780748640737

Published to Edinburgh Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640737.001.0001

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Theoretical Preliminaries to Phonetic Notation and Transcription

Theoretical Preliminaries to Phonetic Notation and Transcription

(p.5) 1 Theoretical Preliminaries to Phonetic Notation and Transcription
Phonetic Transcription in Theory and Practice

Barry Heselwood

Edinburgh University Press

Chapter 1 situates phonetic transcription in the context of spoken and written language, and the indeterminate complexity of the phonetic structure of speech. A distinction is made between pseudo-notation/transcription, proto-notation/transcription and proper notation/transcription on the basis of the relationship of the notation to a phonetic theory, and on the existence of a specialised notation system. Denotational and representational functions of phonetic symbols are brought together in the concept of a descriptive model in which the notion of a segment plays a fundamental role. Sound-spelling correspondence, and relationships between orthography, respelling, transliteration and transcription are critically analysed.

Keywords:   spoken language, written language, segment, transcription, denotational, representational, sound-spelling correspondence, transliteration, respelling

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