This chapter assesses what the Scottish Parliament has achieved in the area of transport. Investment in transport infrastructure was limited during the twentieth century — a situation aggravated by unprecedented growth in private car use throughout the UK and elsewhere. There has also been an increasing awareness of the environmental costs of travel and the need to address the environmental impacts of travel and transport systems. These were the transport issues and challenges facing the new Scottish Parliament — challenges which had to be addressed in the context of national and local government structures, the legal framework for transport and the environment, and the availability of funding to support investment. In dealing with these challenges, the Scottish Parliament has taken into account the key drivers of infrastructure investment, environmental mitigation and social inclusion.
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